The Athlete’s Microbiome

Athlete's microbiome

With the quadrennial mega sporting event taking place this month, you can almost feel the sense of awe we exude collectively as a planet while observing the miracle that is the human body. As we watch the best athletes in the world compete for their countries, we cannot help but revel in the beauty and power of both triumph and possibility.

We all—serious athletes and weekend warriors alike—can appreciate the kind of training, dedication, and perseverance it takes to reach our performance goals, whatever they may be. And new research is uncovering an often-overlooked aspect of athletic training that may in fact be a secret weapon to peak performance: the health of our microbiome.

What is a Microbiome?

Simply put, our microbiome is the collective colonies of bacteria in and on our body. From unique populations in our gut and urogenital system to bacteria in our mouth, nose, throat, and breasts, our body is host to trillions of microbes.

The good news is that the vast majority of these microorganisms—around 85% in a healthy microbiome—have a helpful, symbiotic relationship with our body. In other words, we provide them with food and a place to live, and in return, they help to support our health in a myriad of ways. From supporting our blood sugar levels already within a normal range and encouraging emotional balance to supporting our digestion and immune function, friendly flora are our supportive allies when it comes to our health and well-being.

5 Ways Probiotics Benefit Athletes

Everyone needs a plentiful supply of good bacteria (aka probiotics) for overall health, but probiotics can be especially supportive for athletes. And the good news? It works both ways—not only do probiotics support athletic performance, but athletes tend to have healthier and more diverse microbiomes than non-active folks1.

So, how do probiotics help the athlete in all of us? Probiotics can:

1. Support your immune health. With 80% of your immune system in your gut, it’s no wonder that the good microbes living there help to support immune function. But, endurance exercise and heavy training can suppress your immune system, leading to upper respiratory issues that could keep you from training2. Fortunately, studies indicate that regular probiotic supplementation can support upper respiratory health in athletes3. In one study, researchers discovered that concentrations of immune and antibody agents—which often decrease during intense training—returned to normal levels after just one month of probiotic supplementation4.

2. Support your antioxidants. Due to the increased amount of unstable molecules—or oxidative stress—produced during endurance exercise, heavy training can overwhelm the body’s innate ability to counteract, leading to cell damage and health challenges. The good news is that just four weeks of probiotic supplementation can support healthy antioxidant levels in athletes, helping to neutralize the free radicals5.

3. Maintain your energy and endurance. By supporting nutrient absorption and digestion, probiotics can help you assimilate all the healthy nutrients in the foods you eat, so you have the energy you need to train. Some strains of beneficial bacteria also produce short chain fatty acids that provide an additional source of energy for working muscles6. Did you know that probiotics can also support your endurance? It’s true! In one trial, researchers discovered that a month of probiotic supplementation increased runners’ time to fatigue in extreme heat7.

4. Maintain your gut lining. High-intensity exercise can lead to gastrointestinal flare-ups like temporary diarrhea, cramps, bloating, and gas. Scientists theorize that these uncomfortable occurrences are likely due to increased permeability of the gut barrier, which enables toxins and unwanted bacteria to slip into the bloodstream. Fortunately, probiotics work with your own cells to line and support your gut barrier, so it can block out molecules that can keep you from training at your best8.

5. Support bone and muscle health. Exercise in and of itself can lead to overworked muscles that need to repair and heal. By maintaining your gut barrier, supporting your immune system, and secreting short-chain fatty acids, probiotics can modulate your body’s inflammatory response, speeding recovery time so you can train at your best9. Probiotics can also help to maintain your bone and joint health by synthesizing vitamins that help metabolize calcium, and by producing enzymes that can increase mineral absorption10.

Now that we know all the ways probiotics can work to support athletic performance, how do we incorporate them into our training?

Probiotics for Athletes

Unfortunately, the good bacteria in our microbiome are under constant attack from modern factors like processed foods, antibiotics in the food supply and as medicine, antibacterial cleaners, overzealous hygiene habits, and even stress and aging.

So, to feel and function our best, we must proactively (and consistently) replenish the good guy bacteria throughout our body. The easiest and most effective way to introduce probiotics into your training regimen is to take a daily, high-quality multi-strain probiotic formula that delivers live organisms deep into your system where they can get to work supporting your health and your training. Hyperbiotics makes several formulas ideal for athletes:

• PRO-Compete is designed with six targeted strains that support optimal stamina, energy, and endurance in athletes—including L. plantarum 6595 for immune, upper respiratory, and digestive support.

Immune is a daily immune formula with zinc, echinacea, vitamin C, and EpiCor® for comprehensive immune system support to keep you well.

PRO-Dental includes targeted strains for oral and upper respiratory health and is an excellent adjunct to any of the gut-specific formulas.

Prebiotic Powder is an organic, food-based blend of acacia, Jerusalem artichoke, and green banana flour to nourish your beneficial bacteria.

In addition to taking a probiotic supplement, eating a whole foods diet, high in plant-based foods (and rich in prebiotics) while steering clear of chemicals, unnecessary medications, and toxins that can deplete your populations of good bacteria will go a long way towards supporting optimal microbial health.

We all have an inner athlete that strives to be the best we can be. Whether you are a champion marathoner, or you count your daily exercise in the number of minutes spent chasing your toddler in the yard, the health of your microbiome is a critical determining factor in both the quality and quantity of your training. Living a gut-healthy life that is in harmony with your microbes can keep you at the top of your game, if not at the top of the podium.

References:
1. Clarke, S. F., Murphy, E. F., O'sullivan, O., Lucey, A. J., Humphreys, M., Hogan, A., . . . Cotter, P. D. (2014). Exercise and associated dietary extremes impact on gut microbial diversity. Gut, 63(12), 1913-1920.
2. Gleeson, M. (2015). Immunological aspects of sport nutrition. Immunology and Cell Biology, 94(2), 117-123.
3. Haywood, B. A., Black, K. E., Baker, D., Mcgarvey, J., Healey, P., & Brown, R. C. (2014). Probiotic supplementation reduces the duration and incidence of infections but not severity in elite rugby union players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(4), 356-360.
4. Clancy, R. L. (2006). Reversal in fatigued athletes of a defect in interferon 𝛾 secretion after administration of Lactobacillus acidophilus. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(4), 351-354.
5. Martarelli, D., Verdenelli, M. C., Scuri, S., Cocchioni, M., Silvi, S., Cecchini, C., & Pompei, P. (2011). Effect of a Probiotic Intake on Oxidant and Antioxidant Parameters in Plasma of Athletes During Intense Exercise Training. Current Microbiology, 62(6), 1689-1696.
6. Mach, N., & Fuster-Botella, D. (2016). Endurance exercise and gut microbiota: A review. Journal of Sport and Health Science.
7. Shing, C. M., Peake, J. M., Lim, C. L., Briskey, D., Walsh, N. P., Fortes, M. B., . . . Vitetta, L. (2013). Effects of probiotics supplementation on gastrointestinal permeability, inflammation and exercise performance in the heat. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114(1), 93-103.
8. Lamprecht, M., & Frauwallner, A. (2012). Exercise, Intestinal Barrier Dysfunction and Probiotic Supplementation. Acute Topics in Sport Nutrition Medicine and Sport Science, 47-56. doi:10.1159/000342169
9. Lescheid, D. (2014). Probiotics as regulators of inflammation: A review. Functional Foods in Health and Disease, 4(7), 299-311.
10. Parvaneh, K., Jamaluddin, R., Karimi, G., & Erfani, R. (2014). Effect of Probiotics Supplementation on Bone Mineral Content and Bone Mass Density. The Scientific World Journal, 2014, 1-6.

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Emily Courtney is a Writer and Editor at Hyperbiotics and mom to two fun and active boys. Emily is passionate about natural wellness and helping others learn about the power of probiotics for vibrant health! For more ideas on how you can benefit from the power of probiotics and live healthier days, be sure to subscribe to our newsletter.

 

This Healthy Living section of the Hyperbiotics website is purely for informational purposes only and any comments, statements, and articles have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to create an association between the Hyperbiotics products and possible claims made by research presented or to diagnose, treat, prevent, or cure any disease. Please consult with a physician or other healthcare professional regarding any medical or health related diagnosis or treatment options. This website contains general information about diet, health, and nutrition. None of the information is advice or should be construed as making a connection to any purported medical benefits and Hyperbiotics products, and should not be considered or treated as a substitute for advice from a healthcare professional. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

Posted in Diet & Nutrition, Energy Exercise & Performance, Gut Health, Lifestyle, Men's Health, Women's Health


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